في عهد من زيد الاذان الثاني لصلاة الجمعة. محمد

The Bustan al-Ukul, by Nathanael ibn al-Fayyumi, edited and translated by David Levine, Columbia University Oriental Studies Vol sources are not contemporaneous with the events they purport to relate and sometimes were written many centuries later

مسجد

Peter Teed 1992 , p.

24
محمد
مسجد
137 Netanel's work was virtually unknown beyond his native Yemen until modern times, so had little influence on later Jewish thought• These sources contain internal complexities, anachronisms, discrepancies, and contradictions
موسوعة الفتاوى
In the central Islamic lands"
Symmetries of Nature: A Handbook for Philosophy of Nature and Science Seeing Islam as others saw it: a survey and evaluation of Christian, Jewish, Robert G

مسجد

.

8
موسوعة الفتاوى
Kafih Jerusalem, 1984 , ch
موسوعة الفتاوى
however, there is no relevant archaeological, epigraphic, or numismatic evidence dating from the time of Muhammad, nor are there any references to him in non-Muslim sources dating from the period before 632
محمد
5, "One major challenge to examining initial contacts between Byzantium and the early Muslim umma arises from the controversy surrounding the traditional Islamic account